Glossary- India

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There are 9 names in this directory beginning with the letter B.
Baglihar Dam
Baglihar Dam is a run-of-the-river power project on the Chenab River in Southern Doda district, J&K. It is a 900 MW, hydro electric power project. It is the first state owned power project of J&K, conceived in 1992, approved in 1996. The first phase of Baglihar Dam was completed in 2004. India and Pakistan have resolved at the meeting of the Permanent Indus Water Commission the issue of water flows in the Chenab River being affected during the initial filling of the Baglihar dam in 2008. The project is very crucial to ensure the sustainable development of the economy of the people of J&K.

Banasagar Dam
Banasagar Dam is a multipurpose river valley project on Son River situated in Ganga Basin in Madhya Pradesh envisaging both irrigation and hydroelectric power generation. The project has been named as "Banasagar" after Bana Bhatt, the renowned Sanskrit scholar of 7th century, who is believed to have hailed from this region.

Banasura Sagar Dam
Banasura Sagar Dam is in the Wayanad District. This Dam, which impounds the Karamanathodu tributary of the Kabini River, is part of the Inidan Banasurasagar Project consisting of a dam and a canal project and satisfy the demand for irrigation and drinking water in a region known to have water Wayanad District of Kerala in the Western Ghats. It is the largest earthern dam in India and the 2nd largest in Asia.

Bargi Dam
Bargi Dam is on the Narmada River in the Jabalpur District. It is one of the first completed Dam out of the chain of 30 major dams to be constructed on Narmada River in Madhya Pradesh. Two major irrigation projects, named Bargi Diversion Project and Rani Avantibai Lodhi Sagar Project, have been developed by Bargi Dam. The dam construction work started in 1974 and was completed in 1990 when the dam was filled to its complete capacity.

Bari Doab Canal
The Upper Bari Doab Canal derives its water from the Ravi River at Madhopur Barrage in Gurdaspur district. It was opened in 1879. The total length of the main canal is 520 km. The Canal irrigates about 3.5 lakh hectares of agricultural land in the districts of Gurdaspur and Amritsar in Punjab. The total length of the canal along with its distributaries is 4900 km.

Bhakra Dam
Bhakra Dam is situated on the Sutlej river near the border between Punjab and Himachal Pradesh. It is the largest multipurpose project of India, jointly launched by Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan. It is named after two dams built at Bhakra and Nangal on the river Sutlej, a tributary of Indus River. Bhakra Dam is located at the foot hills of Shiwalik in Himachal Pradesh and is the highest concrete gravity dam in Asia. The dam has played in important role in checking the floods of river Sutlej. The Nangal Dam forms a 6 km long artificial lake. It is the first prestigious multipurpose project of independent India constructed in state of Punjab across river Sutlej and irrigates 13.35 lakh hectares annually. Its hydropower generation is significant for North Indian Grid. The dam seems to be tilting because of siltation in the reservoir.

Bhavanisagar Reservoir
The Bhavanisagar dam and reservoir, also called Lower Bhavani Dam, is located on the Bhavani river between Mettupalayam and Sathyamangalam in Erode District, Tamil Nadu. The dam is situated some 16 km west to Satyamangalam and 36 km north-east to Mettuppalayam and 35 km from Gobichettipalayam, 70 km from Erode and 75 km from Coimbatore. The dam is considered to be among the biggest earthen dams in the country.

Borra Caves
The Borra Caves, also called Borra Guhalu in Telugu language (' Borra' means something that has bored into the ground and 'guhalu' means caves), are located on the East Coast, in the Ananthagiri hills of the Araku valley (with hill ranges elevation varying from 800 m to 1300 m of the Visakhapatnam district of Andhra Pradesh. The Caves, one of the largest in the country, at an elevation of about 705 m, distinctly exhibit a variety of impressive spelethems (pictured) ranging from very small to big and irregularly shaped, stalactites and stalagmites. The Caves are basically Karstic lime stone structure extending to a depth of 80 m (considered the deepest cave in India).

Bursar Dam
Bursar dam site is located near village Hanzal on river Marusudar which is one of the major right bank tributary of river Chenab, in the Doda district of J&K. The Bursar Hydroelectric project is a storage project in which the flow of water can be regulated not only to the benefit of this project but all downstream projects i.e. Pakal Dul, Dul Hasti, Rattle, Baglihar, Sawalkot and Salal Hydroelectric projects, thereby enhancing the potential of all downstream schemes. J&K, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan, Chandigarh and Delhi are the beneficiary states (Union territories).

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